Ahtopol has rich ancient and Middle Age history. In the region of the Ahtopol bay, there are found stone, lead, and iron anchors. They are suited to the different time periods as follows - Thracian, Greek, and Roman.
In Ahtopol there is also found woden figure of a man dressed in a short suited that probably used to be attached to the mast of an English ship from the XIX c. There are also found signs of the thracians and cultural layers from the Vi - I c. B.C. Ahtopol is located at the territory of thracian village. Around 6 century B.C. the city was colonized and the Romans called it Peronticus. The Bisantium ruler Agaton reestablished and called it Agatopolis (City of Love), which is kept till today. Toward the end of 14 c. the turks overtake Ahtopol and renamed it to Ahtenbolu. The city was extinguished and fired up many times, so it was needed to be completely rebuild as it is now.